Double Transverse Foramina—An Anatomical Basis for Possible Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency Risk and Vertebral Artery Injury

Nilgün Tuncel Çini, Shahed Nalla, Federico Mata-Escolano, Esther Blanco-Perez, Juan José Valenzuela-Fuenzalida, Mathias Orellana-Donoso, Juan A. Sanchis-Gimeno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cervical vertebrae may exhibit the anomalous presence of a double transverse foramen (DTF) that may impact the anatomy of related structures that traverse the cervical region, such as the vertebral artery (VA). This retrospective anatomical study utilized CT angiography cervical scans to examine the prevalence of DTF, VA, and TF areas. The subjects were separated into two groups: normal TF (NTF group; 26 males and 21 females) and double TF (DTF group; 21 males and 24 females). The males presented significantly higher TF area values (30.31 ± 4.52 mm2) than the females (27.48 ± 1.69 mm2) in the NTF group (p = 0.006). The sex differences disappeared when a DTF was present (p = 0.662). There were no differences in the VA area values between the sexes in both the NTF and DTF groups (p = 0.184). No significant differences in the VA area values between males of the NTF and DTF groups (p = 0.485) were noted. The DTF subjects presented an increased VA/TF area ratio than the NTF subjects (p < 0.001). This study showed that DTF presence reduced the TF area. In contrast, the VA area did not change despite the decreasing TF area. This might be an anatomical risk for transient vertebrobasilar insufficiency in subjects with DTF, especially in females, because VA space in the TF is less in DTF subjects than in NTF subjects. This may lead to easy VA compression in DTF subjects following neck trauma.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3029
JournalDiagnostics
Volume13
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • anatomic variations
  • cervical vertebrae
  • computed tomography
  • double transverse foramen
  • spine
  • vertebral artery
  • vertebrobasilar insufficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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