DFT derived solvation models for organic compounds in alkane solvents

Eduardo J. Delgado, Joel B. Alderete, Gonzalo A. Jaña

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

From a density functional theory (DFT) analysis of solvation and the different components which comprise the free energy of solvation we propose quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) models to predict free energy of solvation, Δ GS0, of organic compounds in seven alkane solvents (n-pentane, n-hexane, n-heptane, n-octane, n-nonane, n-decane, and n-hexadecane). The data contains 151 structurally different compounds containing diverse organic functions: unbranched and branched alkanes, cycloalkanes, aromatics, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, esters, ethers, amines, nitriles, pyridines, fluorinated hydrocarbons, thiols, sulfides, carboxylic acids and nitro hydrocarbons; covering a Δ GS0 range from about -50 to 0 kJ/mol. The models for the seven n-alkane solvents contain the same two molecular descriptors, one DFT descriptor (softness) and one geometric (molecular surface area). This fact suggests that the physical mechanisms behind the solvation of organic compounds in n-alkane solvents are of the same nature, as expected from the similar physical and chemical properties of alkanes. The models proposed have the merit of predicting free energy of solvation in alkane solvents with fewer descriptors than other QSPR models reported in the literature having similar statistics, allowing in this way a well-defined physical interpretation. The two descriptors have definite physical meaning corresponding to the different components which comprise free energy of solvation. Thus, the models proposed reach the desired compromise among simpleness, physical interpretation and computation time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-224
Number of pages5
JournalChemical Physics
Volume325
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2006

Keywords

  • Alkanes
  • DFT
  • Quantitative structure-property relationship
  • Solvation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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