Development and testing of the questionnaire CEC-61: Knowledge about cervical cancer in Chilean adolescents

María Teresa Urrutia, Macarena Gajardo, Oslando Padilla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Despite a clear association between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer, knowledge in adolescent populations regarding the disease and methods for its detection and prevention is deficient. The aim of this study was to develop and test a new questionnaire concerning knowledge on cervical cancer. An instrument was developed and validated to measure knowledge in 226 Chilean adolescents between April and June 2011. Content validity, construct validity, and reliability analysis of the instrument were performed. The new, validated instrument, called CEC-61 (Conocimientos en Cancer Cérvicouterino-61 items/Knowledge in Cervical Cancer-61 items), contains nine factors and 61 items. The new questionnaire explained 81% of the variance with a reliability of 0.96. The assessment of knowledge with a valid and reliable instrument is the first step in creating interventions for a population and to encourage appropriate preventive behavior. CEC-61 is highly reliable and has a clear factorial structure to evaluate knowledge in nine domains related to cervical cancer disease, cervical cancer risk, papilloma virus infection, the Papanicolaou test, and the papilloma virus vaccine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalWomen and Health
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2 Jul 2017


  • Adolescents
  • cervical cancer
  • knowledge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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