Introduction: The present article arises from the need to reflect on the development of nursing knowledge, seeking professional care and how it relates to critical theory, exposing evidence regarding critical thinking and reflective practice of nursing professionals. Objective: to identify the origins of critical theory and its relation to the knowledge of professional nursing practice, for reflective and emancipatory care. Methods: A thematic, descriptive, integrative and systemic review of original articles and review was performed, from sources corresponding to years 2012-2017, in SciELO, PubMed, CINHAL; Lilacs, Scientific Electronic Library on Line, Dialnet and elsevier. We found 36 articles that fulfilled search criteria, relating them in 4 theoretical axes. In addition, specialists were consulted to broaden the subject. Conclusions: the nursing professional's knowledge is closely related to critical theory, explaining those elements that make it possible to understand sociocritical nursing, in search of the emancipatory paradigm of care, where reflexive practice and critical thinking are necessary. Critical theory offers philosophical foundations so that social and human disciplines such as nursing can use it and apply it in different areas of disciplinary performance. Care with a critical, scientific and holistic approach to reasoning is a way of being and being with others. This process involves activities developed by nursing for and with the being of the person, through the word, its essence and the intersubjective relationship, generating for nursing spaces of emancipation and liberation.
|Translated title of the contribution||Development of nursing knowledge, in search of professional care. Relationship with critical theory|
|Journal||Revista Cubana de Enfermeria|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2017|
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