Decellularized allografts as an alternative for reconstruction of large inferior alveolar nerve defects: a systematic review

Gustavo Matus, Juan Pablo Aravena, Dylan Mariño, Sven Eric Niklander

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: Inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injuries are a clinical problem with devastating consequences, causing temporary or permanent paresthesia, significantly affecting the patient's quality of life. Despite morbidity, side effects and controversy regarding its results, autologous nerve grafting is still the main treatment for these type of lesions. However, due to advances in knowledge about nerve damage and with the aim of preventing the described problems of autografts, new treatment alternatives based on decellularized allografts have emerged. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the reported efficacy of decellularized allografts for the treatment of IAN damage. Material and Methods: We performed a systematic search in Pubmed, Scopus and Web of Science databases following the PRISMA guidelines. Cohort studies, randomized or non-randomized clinical studies, prospective or retrospective studies, without age limits and language restriction that included human subjects who received decellularized allograft as treatment for IAN damage were included. Results: Six articles met the inclusion criteria and were included for data analysis. In all 6 articles, resolution of IAN damage was observed in more than 85% of patients after a 12-month follow-up period, and in 2 of them, complete resolution was observed in 100% of their patients at longer follow-ups. Conclusions: Decellularized allograft appears to be a promising alternative to resolve IAN lesions, without re-quiring a nerve autograft procedure. However, more randomized clinical trials are needed to validate adequate treatment modalities with decellularized allografts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-190
Number of pages8
JournalMedicina Oral Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • allograft
  • alveolar inferior nerve
  • Decellularized allograft
  • injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)


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