Curiouser and curiouser: The peculiar chemical composition of the Li: The Na-rich star in ω Centauri

A. Mucciarelli, L. Monaco, P. Bonifacio, M. Salaris, I. Saviane, B. Lanzoni, Y. Momany, G. Lo Curto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present a multi-instrument spectroscopic analysis of the unique Li- and Na-rich giant star #25664 in ω Centauri, using spectra acquired with FLAMES-GIRAFFE, X-shooter, UVES, and HARPS. Li and Na abundances have been derived from the UVES spectrum using transitions weakly sensitive to non-local thermodynamic equilibrium and assumed isotopic ratios. This new analysis confirms the surprising Li and Na abundances of this star (A(Li)NLTE = +2.71 ± 0.07 dex, [Na/Fe]NLTE = +1.00 ± 0.05 dex). Additionally, we provide new pieces of evidence for its chemical characterisation. The 12C13C isotopic ratio (15 ± 2) shows that this star has not yet undergone the extra-mixing episode usually associated with the red giant branch bump. Therefore, we can rule out the scenario of efficient deep extra mixing during the red giant branch phase envisaged to explain the high Li and Na abundances. Also, the star exhibits high abundances of both C and N ([C/Fe] = +0.45 ± 0.16 dex and [N/Fe] = +0.99 ± 0.20 dex), which is not compatible with the typical C-N anti-correlation observed in globular cluster stars. We found evidence of a radial velocity variability in #25664, suggesting that the star could be part of a binary system, likely having accreted material from a more massive companion when the latter was evolving in the asymptotic giant branch (AGB) phase. Viable candidates for the donor star are AGB stars with 3-4 M⊙ and super-AGB stars (~7-8 M⊙), both of which are able to produce Li- and Na-rich material. Alternatively, the star could have formed from the pure ejecta of a super-AGB star before the dilution with primordial gas occurred.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA139
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume652
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Globular clusters: individual: ω Centauri
  • Stars: abundances
  • Techniques: spectroscopic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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