COSMOGRAIL: XVII. Time delays for the quadruply imaged quasar PG 1115+080

V. Bonvin, J. H.H. Chan, M. Millon, K. Rojas, F. Courbin, G. C.F. Chen, C. D. Fassnacht, E. Paic, M. Tewes, D. C.Y. Chao, M. Chijani, D. Gilman, K. Gilmore, P. Williams, E. Buckley-Geer, J. Frieman, P. J. Marshall, S. H. Suyu, T. Treu, A. HempelS. Kim, R. Lachaume, M. Rabus, T. Anguita, G. Meylan, V. Motta, P. Magain

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present time-delay estimates for the quadruply imaged quasar PG 1115+080. Our results are based on almost daily observations for seven months at the ESO MPIA 2.2 m telescope at La Silla Observatory, reaching a signal-to-noise ratio of about 1000 per quasar image. In addition, we re-analyze existing light curves from the literature that we complete with an additional three seasons of monitoring with the Mercator telescope at La Palma Observatory. When exploring the possible source of bias we considered the so-called microlensing time delay, a potential source of systematic error so far never directly accounted for in previous time-delay publications. In 15 yr of data on PG 1115+080, we find no strong evidence of microlensing time delay. Therefore not accounting for this effect, our time-delay estimates on the individual data sets are in good agreement with each other and with the literature. Combining the data sets, we obtain the most precise time-delay estimates to date on PG 1115+080, with Δt(AB) = 8.3+1.5 -1.6 days (18.7% precision), Δt(AC) = 9.9+1.1 -1.1 days (11.1%) and Δt(BC) = 18.8+1.6 -1.6 days (8.5%). Turning these time delays into cosmological constraints is done in a companion paper that makes use of ground-based Adaptive Optics (AO) with the Keck telescope.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA183
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume616
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Cosmological parameters
  • Gravitational lensing: strong
  • Methods: data analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Bonvin, V., Chan, J. H. H., Millon, M., Rojas, K., Courbin, F., Chen, G. C. F., Fassnacht, C. D., Paic, E., Tewes, M., Chao, D. C. Y., Chijani, M., Gilman, D., Gilmore, K., Williams, P., Buckley-Geer, E., Frieman, J., Marshall, P. J., Suyu, S. H., Treu, T., ... Magain, P. (2018). COSMOGRAIL: XVII. Time delays for the quadruply imaged quasar PG 1115+080. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 616, [A183]. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201833287