Conventional and new proposals of GnRH therapy for ovarian, breast, and prostatic cancers

Maritza P. Garrido, Andrea Hernandez, Margarita Vega, Eyleen Araya, Carmen Romero

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For many years, luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone or gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogs have been used to treat androgen or estrogen-dependent tumors. However, emerging evidence shows that the GnRH receptor (GnRH-R) is overexpressed in several cancer cells, including ovarian, endometrial, and prostate cancer cells, suggesting that GnRH analogs could exert direct antitumoral actions in tumoral tissues that express GnRH-R. Another recent approach based on this knowledge was the use of GnRH peptides for developing specific targeted therapies, improving the delivery and accumulation of drugs in tumoral cells, and decreasing most side effects of current treatments. In this review, we discuss the conventional uses of GnRH analogs, together with the recent advances in GnRH-based drug delivery for ovarian, breast, and prostatic cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1143261
JournalFrontiers in Endocrinology
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • breast cancer
  • GnRH
  • ovarian cancer
  • prostatic cancer
  • targeted therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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