Conflicting processes in the extinction of conditioned taste aversion: Behavioral and molecular aspects of latency, apparent stagnation, and spontaneous recovery

Diego E. Berman, Shoshi Hazvi, Jimmy Stehberg, Amir Bahar, Yadin Dudai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study of experimental extinction and of the spontaneous recovery, of the extinguished memory, could cast light on neurobiological mechanisms by which internal representations compete to control behavior. In this work, we use a combination of behavioral and molecular methods to dissect subprocesses of experimental extinction of conditioned taste aversion (CTA). Extinction of CTA becomes apparent only 90 min after the extinction trial. This latency is insensitive to muscarinic and β-adrenergic modulation and to protein synthesis inhibition in the insular cortex (IC). Immediately afterwards, however, the extinguishing trace becomes sensitive to β-adrenergic blockade and protein synthesis inhibition. The subsequent kinetics and magnitude of extinction depend on whether a spaced or massed extinction protocol is used. A massed protocol is highly effective in the short run, but results in apparent stagnation of extinction in the long-run, which conceals fast spontaneous recovery, of the preextinguished trace. This recovery can be truncated by a β-adrenergic agonist or a cAMP analog in the insular cortex, suggesting that spontaneous overtaking of the behavioral control by the original association is regulated at least in part by β-adrenergic input, probably operating via the cAMP cascade, long after the offset of the conditioned stimulus. Hence, the performance of the subject in experimental extinction is the sum total of multiple, sometimes conflicting, time-dependent processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-25
Number of pages10
JournalLearning and Memory
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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