Condición física y actividad física en mujeres con obesidad: Efectos a corto plazo de una gastrectomía vertical

Translated title of the contribution: Physical fitness and physical activity in women with obesity: Short term effects of sleeve gastrectomy

Paulina Ibacache Saavedra, Marcelo Cano-Cappellacci, Claudia Miranda Fuentes, Juan Rojas Montero, Pablo Maldonado Pinuer, Andrés Bottinelli Mercadino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: the increase on prevalence of obesity has been linked to a higher number of bariatric surgeries, being sleeve gastrectomy (SG) the most frequent bariatric procedures in the world. However, there are few studies that determine the impact of SG on health’s determinants such as physical fitness (PF) and physical activity (PA). Objectives: to describe the changes in PF and PA of patients after SG. Methods: twenty-three women with obesity (mean 36.1 ± 11.1 years old and body mass index [BMI] of 35.1 ± 3.4 kg/m 2) were evaluated preop-eratively to SG and at one and three months after surgery. An assessment of PF was conducted, including handgrip (HGS) and quadriceps muscle strength (QMS) with dynamometers and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with an ergospirometer. PA was assessed with a three-axis accelerometer. Results: the absolute VO 2 peak decreased after the first and third month (p < 0.001) post SG. The VO 2 peak relative to body weight showed an increase from baseline after the SG (p = 0.002). After SG, there was a reduction in absolute values for HGS and QMS (p < 0.001) and an increase in relative HGS after three months post-surgery compared to preoperative (p = 0.011), without changes in relative QMS (p = 0.596). No changes in PA were observed. Conclusions: after SG, there is a short term decline on PF when it is expressed on absolute values. However, when it is expressed in relative terms to body weight, some components of PF improve, while others showed no change. There was no modification in PA levels of the participants.

Translated title of the contributionPhysical fitness and physical activity in women with obesity: Short term effects of sleeve gastrectomy
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)840-845
Number of pages6
JournalNutricion Hospitalaria
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

Keywords

  • Obesidad. Cirugía bariátrica. Capacidad cardiorrespiratoria. Fuerza muscular. Actividad física.
  • Obesity
  • Muscle strength
  • Physical activity
  • Bariatric surgery
  • Cardiorespiratory fitness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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