Comparison of the effect of hypothalamic neuropeptides upon luteinizing hormone secretion by cultured rat anterior pituitary cells

L. A. Leiva, H. B. Croxatto

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25 Citations (Scopus)


Bovine median eminence contains a factor different from gonadotropin- releasing hormone (GnRH) that increases basal luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion and potentiates GnRH-stimulated LH release. We compared the effects of hypothalamic neuropeptides on basal and GnRH-stimulated LH secretion using rat pituitary cells under static incubation conditions to determine if any of them mimics the LH-releasing activity not attributable to GnRH present in bovine median eminence extracts. Both, galanin and neurotensin (10 -9-10 - 5 M) stimulated basal LH secretion in a dose-response manner. Galanin increased 3-4 fold and neurotensin doubled the basal LH secretion. The GnRH antagonist Nal-Glu 10 -6 M abolished the effect of 10 -7 M GnRH and 10 -5 M neurotensin, but did not block the LH-releasing activity of galanin. Leucine-enkephalin, β-endorphin, substance P and neuropeptide Y (NPY) did not alter basal LH secretion. Neuropeptides produced three types of response on GnRH-stimulated LH release. First, leucine-enkephalin and β-endorphin (10 -9-10 -5 M) showed a dose-dependent inhibition of GnRH-stimulated LH release. At 10 -5 M the inhibition was complete with leucine-enkephalin and only 30% with β-endorphin. Both were blocked by naloxone. Second, substance P showed an inverted U type response on GnRH-stimulated LH secretion. At 10 - 9 M this peptide potentiated the action of GnRH. This effect decreased when the dose of substance P was increased to 10 -7 M and turned inhibitory at 10 -5 M when 10 -7 M GnRH was used. Third, galanin and NPY potentiated the effect of GnRH on LH secretion. Neurotensin had no effect on GnRH-stimulated LH release. In conclusion, rat gonadotrophs present diverse responses to neuropeptides at physiological concentrations, and -apart from GnRH- galanin is most likely the other factor present in bovine median eminence extracts that stimulates LH secretion. The data lend further support to a role of galanin in the control of LH secretion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-121
Number of pages9
JournalBiological Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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