The Geobacillus stearothermophilus V cobA gene encoding uroporphyrinogen-III C-methyltransferase (also referred to as SUMT) was cloned into Escherichia coli and the recombinant enzyme was overexpressed and purified to homogeneity. The enzyme binds S-adenosyl-l-methionine and catalyzes the production of III methyl uroporphyrinogen in vitro. E. coli cells expressing the G. stearothermophilus V cobA gene exhibited increased resistance to potassium tellurite and potassium tellurate. Site-directed mutagenesis of cobA abolished tellurite resistance of the mesophilic, heterologous host and SUMT activity in vitro. No methylated, volatile derivatives of tellurium were found in the headspace of tellurite-exposed cobA-expressing E. coli, suggesting that the role of SUMT methyltransferase in tellurite(ate) detoxification is not related to tellurium volatilization.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology