Classical excluded volume of loosely bound light (anti) nuclei and their chemical freeze-out in heavy ion collisions

Boris E. Grinyuk, Kyrill A. Bugaev, Violetta V. Sagun, Oleksii I. Ivanytskyi, Dmitry L. Borisyuk, Anatoly S. Zhokhin, Gennady M. Zinovjev, David B. Blaschke, Larissa V. Bravina, Evgeny E. Zabrodin, Edward G. Nikonov, Glennys Farrar, Sonia Kabana, Sergey V. Kuleshov, Arkadiy V. Taranenko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


From the analysis of light (anti)nuclei multiplicities that were measured recently by the ALICE collaboration in Pb+Pb collisions at the center-of-mass collision energy sNN = 2.76TeV, there arose a highly nontrivial question about the excluded volume of composite particles. Surprisingly, the hadron resonance gas model (HRGM) is able to perfectly describe the light (anti) nuclei multiplicities under various assumptions. Thus, one can consider the (anti)nuclei with a vanishing hard-core radius (as the point-like particles) or with the hard-core radius of proton, but the fit quality is the same for these assumptions. It is clear, however, that such assumptions are unphysical. Hence we obtain a formula for the classical excluded volume of loosely bound light nuclei consisting of A baryons. To implement a new formula into the HRGM, we have to modify the induced surface tension concept to treat the hadrons and (anti)nuclei on the same footing. We perform a thorough analysis of hadronic and (anti)nuclei multiplicities measured by the ALICE collaboration. The HRGM with the induced surface tension allows us to verify different assumptions on the values of hard-core radii and different scenarios of chemical freeze-out of (anti)nuclei. It is shown that the unprecedentedly high quality of fit χtot2/dof â 0.724 is achieved, if the chemical freeze-out temperature of hadrons is about Th = 150MeV, while the one for all (anti)nuclei is TA = 174-175.2MeV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2040009
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics E
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020


  • classical excluded volumes
  • composite clusters
  • Hadron resonance gas
  • induced surface tension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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