Characterizing the cool KOIs. II. the M dwarf KOI-254 and its hot Jupiter

John Asher Johnson, J. Zachary Gazak, Kevin Apps, Philip S. Muirhead, Justin R. Crepp, Ian J.M. Crossfield, Boyajian Tabetha Boyajian, Kaspar Von Braun, Barbara Rojas-Ayala, Andrew W. Howard, Kevin R. Covey, Everett Schlawin, Katherine Hamren, Timothy D. Morton, Geoffrey W. Marcy, James P. Lloyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

117 Citations (Scopus)


We report the confirmation and characterization of a transiting gas giant planet orbiting the M dwarf KOI-254 every 2.455239days, which was originally discovered by the Kepler mission. We use radial velocity measurements, adaptive optics imaging, and near-infrared spectroscopy to confirm the planetary nature of the transit events. KOI-254b is the first hot Jupiter discovered around an M-type dwarf star. We also present a new model-independent method of using broadband photometry to estimate the mass and metallicity of an M dwarf without relying on a direct distance measurement. Included in this methodology is a new photometric metallicity calibration based on J - K colors. We use this technique to measure the physical properties of KOI-254 and its planet. We measure a planet mass of M P = 0.505 M Jup, radius R P = 0.96 R Jup, and semimajor axis a = 0.030 AU, based on our measured stellar mass M = 0.59 M and radius R = 0.55 R. We also find that the host star is metal-rich, which is consistent with the sample of M-type stars known to harbor giant planets.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111
JournalAstronomical Journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2012


  • planetary systems
  • techniques: photometric
  • techniques: radial velocities
  • techniques: spectroscopic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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