Characterization of the BaeSR two-component system from Salmonella Typhimurium and its role in ciproXoxacin-induced mdtA expression

P. Guerrero, B. Collao, E. H. Morales, I. L. Calderón, F. Ipinza, S. Parra, C. P. Saavedra, F. Gil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two-component systems are one of the most prevalent mechanisms by which bacteria sense, respond and adapt to changes in their environment. The activation of a sensor histidine kinase leads to autophosphorylation of a conserved histidine residue followed by transfer of the phosphoryl group to a cognate response regulator in an aspartate residue. The search for antibiotics that inhibit molecular targets has led to study prokaryotic twocomponent systems. In this study, we characterized in vitro and in vivo the BaeSR two-component system from Salmonella Typhimurium and evaluated its role in mdtA regulation in response to ciproXoxacin treatment. We demonstrated in vitro that residue histidine 250 is essential for BaeS autophosphorylation and aspartic acid 61 for BaeR transphosphorylation. By real-time PCR, we showed that mdtA activation in the presence of ciproXoxacin depends on both members of this system and that histidine 250 of BaeS and aspartic acid 61 of BaeR are needed for this. Moreover, the mdtA expression is directly regulated by binding of BaeR at the promoter region, and this interaction is enhanced when the protein is phosphorylated. In agreement, a BaeR mutant unable to phosphorylate at aspartic acid 61 presents a lower aYnity with the mdtA promoter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-460
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Microbiology
Volume194
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2012

Keywords

  • BaeSR
  • CiproXoxacin
  • Two-component system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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