A systematic study of a series of An(COT)2 compounds, where An = Th, Pa, U, and COT represents cyclooctatetraene, has been performed using relativistic density functional theory. The ZORA Hamiltonian was applied for the inclusion of relativistic effects, taking into account all of the electrons for the optimization and explicitly including spin-orbit coupling effects. Time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) was used to calculate the excitation energies with the GGA SAOP functional, and the electronic transitions were analyzed using double group irreducible representations. The calculated excitation energies are in perfect correlation with the increment of the ring delocalization as it increases along the actinide series. These results are sufficient to ensure that, for these complexes, the increment in delocalization, as indicated by ELF bifurcation and NICS analysis, leads to a shift in the maximum wavelength of absorption in the visible region. Also, delocalization in the COT ring increases along the actinide series, so the systems become more aromatic because of a modulation induced by the actinides.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry