Blood Transfusion from a Magellanic Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus magellanicus) to a Barn Owl (Tyto alba): A Successful Case of Xenotransfusion

Javiera Gómez-Adaros, Ariela Cultrera-Rozowski, Nicole Sallaberry-Pincheira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This report describes successful transspecies blood transfusion from a Magellanic horned owl (Bubo virginianus magellanicus) to a barn owl (Tyto alba). The barn owl was admitted to a wildlife rehabilitation center with severe anemia (packed cell volume [PCV] = 6.7%) from suspected anticoagulant rodenticide poisoning. Procedures performed included patient stabilization, pharmacological treatment, and persistent monitoring following the blood transfusion. The patient's PCV was measured daily, increasing progressively, and attaining a normal value for the species (PCV > 40%) on the eighth day posttransfusion. With no possibility of obtaining a same-species donor and because of the serious condition of the patient and unfavorable prognosis, a decision was made to perform the xenotransfusion. The result was a successful recovery and ultimately the release of the owl into its natural habitat. We concluded that xenotransfusion for avian species should be considered in cases with no possibility of obtaining a homologous donor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)302-307
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2022

Keywords

  • anemia
  • avian
  • barn owl
  • blood xenotransfusion
  • Bubo virginianus magellanicus
  • coumarin poisoning
  • Magellanic great horned owl
  • Tyto alba

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals

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