Associations between Fluid Intelligence and Physical Fitness in School Children

Borja Bazalo, Verónica Morales-Sánchez, Nuria Pérez-Romero, Falonn Contreras-Osorio, Christian Campos-Jara, Antonio Hernández-Mendo, Rafael E. Reigal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previous research has highlighted that active lifestyles that contribute to improved physical fitness are positively related to cognitive functioning in children and adolescents. Specifically, the increase in physical condition at school age is considered relevant because it is related to better cognitive ability and greater academic performance. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyze the relationships between explosive strength, speed–agility, and fluid reasoning in schoolchildren. To achieve this objective, an associative, comparative, and predictive design was used in this research. A total of 129 children participated in this study (age: M = 9.48; SD = 0.99). To assess fluid reasoning, the Raven test’s Standard Progressive Matrices Subtest and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-V) were used. To assess physical fitness, the speed–agility test and the horizontal jump test (ALPHA-fitness battery tests), as well as the ball throw test (2 kg), were used. The results showed that the speed–agility test significantly predicted WISC-V Fluid Reasoning Index scores, and the medicine ball toss test significantly predicted Raven test scores. The results obtained highlight the associations between physical condition at these ages and fluid intelligence. This suggests that promoting active lifestyles that improve physical fitness could have a positive impact on children’s cognitive health.

Original languageEnglish
Article number963
JournalHealthcare (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2024

Keywords

  • cognitive functioning
  • fluid intelligence
  • fluid reasoning
  • physical activity
  • physical fitness
  • preadolescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management
  • Health Policy
  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management

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