Arbitrary absolute vs. individualized running speed thresholds in team sports: A scoping review with evidence gap map

Filipe Manuel Clemente, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Marco Beato, Jason Moran, Adam Kawczynski, Piotr Makar, Hugo Sarmento, José Afonso

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aims of this scoping review were (i) to characterize the main methodological approaches to assessing individualized running speed thresholds in team sports players; (ii) to assess the use of traditional arbitrary (absolute) thresholds compared to individualized running speed thresholds in team sports players; (iii) to provide an evidence gap map (EGM) about the approaches and study designs employed in investigations in team sports and (iv) to provide directions for future research and practical applications for the strength and conditioning field. Methods studies were searched for in the following databases: (i) PubMed; (ii) Scopus; (iii) SPORTDiscus and (iv) Web of Science. The search was conducted on 15/07/2022. Risk of bias was assessed using the Risk of Bias Assessment Tool for Nonrandomized Studies (RoBANS). From 3,195 potentially relevant articles, 36 were eligible for inclusion in this review. Of the 36 included articles, 27 (75%) focused on the use of arbitrary and individualized running speed thresholds to describe the locomotor demands (e.g., high intensity running) of players. Thirty-four articles used individualized speed running thresholds based on physical fitness assessments (e.g., 40-m linear sprint) or physical performance (e.g., maximal acceleration). This scoping review supported the need for a greater focus to be placed on improving the methodological aspects of using individualized speed running thresholds in team sports. More than just creating alternatives to arbitrary thresholds, it is essential to increase the replicability of methodological conditions whilst ensuring that research comparing the most adequate measures and approaches to individualization takes into consideration the population and context of each study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)919-943
Number of pages25
JournalBiology of Sport
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Athletic performance
  • Exercise test
  • Football
  • Geographic information systems
  • Human physical conditioning
  • Soccer
  • Sports

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Physiology (medical)

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