Arabidopsis thaliana FLA4 functions as a glycan-stabilized soluble factor via its carboxy-proximal Fasciclin 1 domain

Hui Xue, Christiane Veit, Lindy Abas, Theodora Tryfona, Daniel Maresch, Martiniano M. Ricardi, José Manuel Estevez, Richard Strasser, Georg J. Seifert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fasciclin-like arabinogalactan proteins (FLAs) are involved in numerous important functions in plants but the relevance of their complex structure to physiological function and cellular fate is unresolved. Using a fully functional fluorescent version of Arabidopsis thaliana FLA4 we show that this protein is localized at the plasma membrane as well as in endosomes and soluble in the apoplast. FLA4 is likely to be GPI-anchored, is highly N-glycosylated and carries two O-glycan epitopes previously associated with arabinogalactan proteins. The activity of FLA4 was resistant against deletion of the amino-proximal fasciclin 1 domain and was unaffected by removal of the GPI-modification signal, a highly conserved N-glycan or the deletion of predicted O-glycosylation sites. Nonetheless these structural changes dramatically decreased endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-exit and plasma membrane localization of FLA4, with N-glycosylation acting at the level of ER-exit and O-glycosylation influencing post-secretory fate. We show that FLA4 acts predominantly by molecular interactions involving its carboxy-proximal fasciclin 1 domain and that its amino-proximal fasciclin 1 domain is required for stabilization of plasma membrane localization. FLA4 functions as a soluble glycoprotein via its carboxy-proximal Fas1 domain and its normal cellular trafficking depends on N- and O-glycosylation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)613-630
Number of pages18
JournalPlant Journal
Volume91
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Arabidopsis thaliana
  • arabinogalactan protein
  • fasciclin
  • GPI-anchor
  • N-glycan
  • O-glycan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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