Apoptotic Induction in Human Cancer Cell Lines by Antimicrobial Compounds from Antarctic Streptomyces fildesensis (INACH3013)

David Astudillo-Barraza, Romulo Oses, Carlos Henríquez-Castillo, Clemente Michael Vui Ling Wong, José M. Pérez-Donoso, Cristina Purcarea, Heidge Fukumasu, Natalia Fierro-Vásquez, Pablo A. Pérez, Paris Lavin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The Antarctic Streptomyces fildesensis has been recognized for its production of antimicrobial compounds with interesting biological activities against foodborne bacteria and multi-resistant strains, but not for its potential antiproliferative activity and mechanisms involved. Two bioactive ethyl acetate extract (EAE) fractions were purified via thin-layer chromatography and High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), showing that orange-colored compounds displayed antimicrobial activity against pathogenic bacteria even after shock thermal treatment. The UV–VIS features of the active compounds, the TLC assay with actinomycin-D pure standard, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra and the ANTISMASH analysis support the presence of actinomycin-like compounds. We demonstrated that S. fildesensis displays antiproliferative activity against human tumor cell lines, including human breast cancer (MCF-7), prostate cancer (PC-3), colon cancer (HT-29) and non-tumoral colon epithelial cells (CoN). The half-maximal effective concentrations (EC50) ranged from 3.98 µg/mL to 0.1 µg/mL. Our results reveal that actinomycin-like compounds of S. fildesensis induced apoptosis mediated by caspase activation, decreasing the mitochondrial membrane potential and altering the cell morphology in all tumoral and non-tumoral cell lines analyzed. These findings confirm the potential of the psychrotolerant Antarctic S. fildesensis species as a promising source for obtaining potential novel anticancer compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number129
JournalFermentation
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • anticancer
  • antimicrobial
  • apoptosis
  • caspases
  • cytotoxic
  • mitochondrial membrane permeability
  • Streptomyces fildesensis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Plant Science

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