Antinociceptive synergism of gabapentin and nortriptyline in mice with partial sciatic nerve ligation

Hugo F. Miranda, Viviana Noriega, Ramiro Zepeda, Pilar Zanetta, Josefina Prieto-Rayo, Juan Carlos Prieto, Fernando Sierralta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Methods: Neuropathic pain results from nerve injury, and gabapentin, an antiepileptic drug, has been approved for the treatment of several types of neuropathic pain. On the other hand, nortriptyline, an antidepressant drug, has been suggested as an alternative treatment. In partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSNL) mice, the interaction of gabapentin with nortriptyline was evaluated by the hot plate assay using isobolographic analysis. Results: Gabapentin (3-100 mg/kg, i.p.) or nortriptyline (1-30 mg/kg, i.p.) induced dose-dependent antinociception, with an ED50 of 11.60 ± 0.54 mg/kg for gabapentin and of 5.16 ± 0.21 mg/kg for nortriptyline. The potency of gabapentin and nortriptyline in PSNL mice at 7 and 14 days after ligation was significantly increased (p < 0.05). Coadministration of gabapentin with nortriptyline, at a 1:1 ratio of their ED50, had a synergistic effect, with an interaction index of 0.311 and 0.348 for these mice at 7 and 14 days, respectively. Conclusion: The data showed a synergy in antinociception at a gabapentin-to-nortriptyline ratio of 1:1 in PSNL mice. This finding suggests that this combination could provide a therapeutic alternative that can be used for neuropathic pain management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-64
Number of pages6
JournalPharmacology
Volume95
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Mar 2015

Keywords

  • Hot plate test
  • Hyperalgesia
  • Isobolographic analysis
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Synergy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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