Antinociceptive and anti-exudative synergism between dexketoprofen and tramadol in a model of inflammatory pain in mice

Hugo F. Miranda, Maria Asunción Romero, Margarita M. Puig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Preclinical studies have demonstrated antinociceptive synergism between dexketoprofen (DEX) and tramadol (TRM) in acute animal models of nociception. The aim of the present study was to investigate the type of interaction between DEX and TRM in a chronic musculoskeletal pain model in mice, which fairly replicates the characteristics of chronic osteoarticular pain in humans. Inflammation was induced by a subplantar injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) in male CF1 mice. Nociceptive thresholds were evaluated using the hot plate, the nocifensive spontaneous behavior and the acetone tests, while plasma extravasation (PE) was assessed with Evan's blue. We used the following experimental groups: control (no inflammation), acute (1day after CFA injection), and chronic inflammation (7days after CFA). Dose-response curves for DEX and TRM, individually and combined in a 1:1 proportion based on their potency were obtained, and the doses that produced a 50% inhibition calculated. The isobolographic analysis revealed that in all groups of study (no inflammation, acute, and chronic inflammation), the combination of DEX:TRM was synergistic, for both the inhibition of nociception and the PE. The results suggest that the DEX:TRM (1:1) combination could be useful in the management of acute and chronic inflammatory musculoskeletal pains in humans; in addition, the synergistic interaction between the drugs observed both during acute and chronic inflammation suggests that less doses would be required of each drug to obtain effective analgesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-382
Number of pages10
JournalFundamental and Clinical Pharmacology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012


  • Anti-extravasation
  • Antinociception
  • Chronic musculoskeletal pain
  • Dexketoprofen
  • Synergy
  • Tramadol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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