Antimicrobial resistance in water in Latin America and the Caribbean: a scoping review protocol

Andrea I. Moreno-Switt, Dacil Rivera, Marisa L. Caipo, David C. Nowell, Aiko D. Adell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: The objective of this scoping review is to identify and map existing evidence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in water in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), while also identifying the gaps in AMR information in the region in eight themes of interest. INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial resistance is a public health concern that has gained increasing global awareness. Concerns have been raised toward the importance of the environment's role in the dissemination of clinically relevant AMR. Although studies on AMR have been conducted, the reality of the role of the environment in the LAC region has not been studied. INCLUSION CRITERIA: Articles that examine AMR in water in the LAC region will be considered for inclusion. Antimicrobial resistance will be defined as a natural process that arises when the microorganisms that cause infection (e.g. bacteria) survive exposure to a drug that would normally kill them or stop their growth. The search will focus on eight themes of interest, as defined in the protocol, relating to the presence of resistant microorganisms in water sources and reported negative health effects. Qualitative and quantitative studies will be considered for inclusion. Reviews and gray literature will be excluded. METHODS: The proposed scoping review will be conducted in accordance with the JBI methodology for scoping reviews. A search for published literature will be performed in PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus. Independent screening of articles will be performed by examining the abstracts and then the full texts, utilizing pre-defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data for specific variables will be extracted, and descriptive examination will be performed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2174-2186
Number of pages13
JournalJBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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