An atlas of MUSE observations towards twelve massive lensing clusters

Johan Richard, Adélaïde Claeyssens, David Lagattuta, Lucia Guaita, Franz Erik Bauer, Roser Pello, David Carton, Roland Bacon, Geneviève Soucail, Gonzalo Prieto Lyon, Jean Paul Kneib, Guillaume Mahler, Benjamin Clément, Wilfried Mercier, Andrei Variu, Amélie Tamone, Harald Ebeling, Kasper B. Schmidt, Themiya Nanayakkara, Michael MasedaPeter M. Weilbacher, Nicolas Bouché, Rychard J. Bouwens, Lutz Wisotzki, Geoffroy De La Vieuville, Johany Martinez, Vera Patrício

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)


Context. Spectroscopic surveys of massive galaxy clusters reveal the properties of faint background galaxies thanks to the magnification provided by strong gravitational lensing. Aims. We present a systematic analysis of integral-field-spectroscopy observations of 12 massive clusters, conducted with the Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE). All data were taken under very good seeing conditions (~0".6) in effective exposure times between two and 15 h per pointing, for a total of 125 h. Our observations cover a total solid angle of ~23 arcmin2 in the direction of clusters, many of which were previously studied by the MAssive Clusters Survey, Frontier Fields (FFs), Grism Lens-Amplified Survey from Space and Cluster Lensing And Supernova survey with Hubble programmes. The achieved emission line detection limit at 5? for a point source varies between (0.77-1.5) × 10-18 erg s-1 cm-2 at 7000 Å. Methods. We present our developed strategy to reduce these observational data, detect continuum sources and line emitters in the datacubes, and determine their redshifts. We constructed robust mass models for each cluster to further confirm our redshift measurements using strong-lensing constraints, and identified a total of 312 strongly lensed sources producing 939 multiple images. Results. The final redshift catalogues contain more than 3300 robust redshifts, of which 40% are for cluster members and ?30% are for lensed Lyman-? emitters. Fourteen percent of all sources are line emitters that are not seen in the available HST images, even at the depth of the FFs (?29 AB). We find that the magnification distribution of the lensed sources in the high-magnification regime (?a =a 2-25) follows the theoretical expectation of N(z) a ?-2. The quality of this dataset, number of lensed sources, and number of strong-lensing constraints enables detailed studies of the physical properties of both the lensing cluster and the background galaxies. The full data products from this work, including the datacubes, catalogues, extracted spectra, ancillary images, and mass models, are made available to the community.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA83
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Galaxies: clusters: general
  • Galaxies: distances and redshifts
  • Galaxies: formation
  • Galaxies: high-redshift
  • Gravitational lensing: strong
  • Techniques: imaging spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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