Along strike variations on inverted Tarapacá Basin and its influence in buried western Andean mountain front building

Guillermo Fuentes, Sebastián Perroud, Walter Garrido, Rodrigo Quiroga, Fernando Martínez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Recent studies focus in the forearc tectonic and structural evolution evidencing the strong control of the pre-orogenic structures in the accommodation of the Andean shortening and deformation. Lateral variations in the structures of mountain fronts can generate relevant changes in the crustal shortening magnitudes and lead to variations in tectonic models. The Western Andean Mountain Front at 21°S represents a unique opportunity to understand the interplay between inherited extensional fabric and thrust belt front structures related to orogenic processes. To assess the structural style, along strike variations and tectonic evolution, we combined regional field observations, 2D seismic interpretation calibrated by well data and rock outcrops, balanced structural cross-sections, aero-magnetic data, structural interpretation and 3D structural modelling. The main results validated and latitudinally extended the structural style characterized by partially inverted graben and half-graben arrays formed by Jurassic to Early Cretaceous extension and subsequently underwent contraction which led to the basin inversion at least since the Upper Cretaceous. This contribution also shows for the first time a complete 3D structural framework showing lateral continuation of main structures and the relationship between orogen-parallel (N–S and NNE-SSW trends) and orogen-oblique structures (ENE-WSW, NW-SE and WNW-ESE orientations), being plausible to propose tip points, polarity changes and accommodation zones. Partially inverted graben and half-graben arrays, accommodation zones, its evolution and along strike variations must be consider in tectonic and generative exploration models to better understand the main Andean structures and mineral deposits distribution, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104417
JournalJournal of South American Earth Sciences
Volume128
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • Aero-magnetic data
  • Inversion tectonics
  • Northern Chile
  • Seismic interpretation
  • Western central andes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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