ALMA survey of circumstellar discs in the young stellar cluster IC 348

D. Ruĭz-Rodrĭguez, L. A. Cieza, J. P. Williams, S. M. Andrews, D. A. Principe, C. Caceres, H. Canovas, S. Casassus, M. R. Schreiber, J. H. Kastner

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a 1.3 mm continuum survey of the young (2-3 Myr) stellar cluster IC 348 that lies at a distance of 310 pc and is dominated by low-mass stars (M(star operator) ~ 0.1-0.6 M). We observed 136 Class II sources (discs that are optically thick in the infrared) at 0.8 arcsec (200 au) resolution with a 3σ sensitivity of ~ 0.45 mJy (Mdust ~1.3M).We detect 40 of the targets and construct a mm-continuum luminosity function.We compare the disc mass distribution in IC 348 to those of younger and older regions, taking into account the dependence on stellar mass. We find a clear evolution in disc masses from 1 to 5-10 Myr. The disc masses in IC 348 are significantly lower than those in Taurus (1-3 Myr) and Lupus (1-3 Myr), similar to those of Chamaleon I, (2-3 Myr) and s Ori (3-5 Myr) and significantly higher than in Upper Scorpiusrpius (5-10 Myr). About 20 discs in our sample (5 per cent of the cluster members) have estimated masses (dust + gas) > 1MJup and hence might be the precursors of giant planets in the cluster. Some of the most massive discs include transition objects with inner opacity holes based on their infrared Spectral Energy Distribution (SEDs). From a stacking analysis of the 96 non-detections, we find that these discs have a typical dust mass of just ≲ 0.4 M, even though the vast majority of their infrared SEDs remain optically thick and show little signs of evolution. Such low-mass discs may be the precursors of the small rocky planets found by Kepler around M-type stars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3674-3692
Number of pages19
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume478
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Instrumentation: interferometers
  • Planetary systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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