Actitud empática en estudiantes de odontología de la corporación universitaria rafael núñez en la ciudad de Cartagena

Translated title of the contribution: Empathetic attitude in dentistry students at corporacion universitaria rafael nuñez in Cartagena

Natalia Fortich-Mesa, Víctor Patricio Díaz-Narváez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Empathy refers to an aspect of personality that plays an important role in interpersonal relationships, facilitating communication in order to favor the dentist-patient relationship. This interaction will improve the quality of dental care service. The aim of this study was to describe the self-reported empathy levels among dental undergraduate students, according to gender and education levels. Materials and methods: exploratory and cross-sectional questionnaire based study was carried out with a sample size of 326 undergraduate dental students. Data was obtained from the first to the final year, empathy levels of students were assessed by the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy–Health Profession Students Version Questionnaire, psychometrically validated to measure empathy. For the analysis of the results, the Shapiro-Wilk normality test was applied. The means were compared using an analysis of variance with bifactorial Model type III (Anova) with first order interaction. With a significance level of p <0.05. Results: reliability was satisfactory (0.72). The scores obtained in the EEMJ ranged from a minimum of 54 to a maximum of 130 points for women and a minimum of 55 and a maximum of 126 for men, the average of global empathy scores was 95,80±12,9, The results were not significant (p = 0.185) for the academic level factor and gender (p = 0.25). Conclusion: although there were no statistically significant differences in empathic orientation between the academic and gender years; it is highlighted that in the last year of the race the score increased; men reported higher levels of empathic orientation in absolute values than women; the highest level of empathic orientation was detected in the third year group.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)129-143
Number of pages15
JournalRevista Ciencias de la Salud
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

dentistry
Dentistry
empathy
Students
Dental Students
student
Dentist-Patient Relations
gender
Dental Care
dentist
questionnaire
Quality of Health Care
normality
interaction
analysis of variance
Reproducibility of Results
Sample Size
Personality
Analysis of Variance
personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

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title = "Actitud emp{\'a}tica en estudiantes de odontolog{\'i}a de la corporaci{\'o}n universitaria rafael n{\'u}{\~n}ez en la ciudad de Cartagena",
abstract = "Introduction: Empathy refers to an aspect of personality that plays an important role in interpersonal relationships, facilitating communication in order to favor the dentist-patient relationship. This interaction will improve the quality of dental care service. The aim of this study was to describe the self-reported empathy levels among dental undergraduate students, according to gender and education levels. Materials and methods: exploratory and cross-sectional questionnaire based study was carried out with a sample size of 326 undergraduate dental students. Data was obtained from the first to the final year, empathy levels of students were assessed by the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy–Health Profession Students Version Questionnaire, psychometrically validated to measure empathy. For the analysis of the results, the Shapiro-Wilk normality test was applied. The means were compared using an analysis of variance with bifactorial Model type III (Anova) with first order interaction. With a significance level of p <0.05. Results: reliability was satisfactory (0.72). The scores obtained in the EEMJ ranged from a minimum of 54 to a maximum of 130 points for women and a minimum of 55 and a maximum of 126 for men, the average of global empathy scores was 95,80±12,9, The results were not significant (p = 0.185) for the academic level factor and gender (p = 0.25). Conclusion: although there were no statistically significant differences in empathic orientation between the academic and gender years; it is highlighted that in the last year of the race the score increased; men reported higher levels of empathic orientation in absolute values than women; the highest level of empathic orientation was detected in the third year group.",
keywords = "Dental students (MESH), Dentistry schools, Empathy, Odontology",
author = "Natalia Fortich-Mesa and D{\'i}az-Narv{\'a}ez, {V{\'i}ctor Patricio}",
year = "2018",
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N2 - Introduction: Empathy refers to an aspect of personality that plays an important role in interpersonal relationships, facilitating communication in order to favor the dentist-patient relationship. This interaction will improve the quality of dental care service. The aim of this study was to describe the self-reported empathy levels among dental undergraduate students, according to gender and education levels. Materials and methods: exploratory and cross-sectional questionnaire based study was carried out with a sample size of 326 undergraduate dental students. Data was obtained from the first to the final year, empathy levels of students were assessed by the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy–Health Profession Students Version Questionnaire, psychometrically validated to measure empathy. For the analysis of the results, the Shapiro-Wilk normality test was applied. The means were compared using an analysis of variance with bifactorial Model type III (Anova) with first order interaction. With a significance level of p <0.05. Results: reliability was satisfactory (0.72). The scores obtained in the EEMJ ranged from a minimum of 54 to a maximum of 130 points for women and a minimum of 55 and a maximum of 126 for men, the average of global empathy scores was 95,80±12,9, The results were not significant (p = 0.185) for the academic level factor and gender (p = 0.25). Conclusion: although there were no statistically significant differences in empathic orientation between the academic and gender years; it is highlighted that in the last year of the race the score increased; men reported higher levels of empathic orientation in absolute values than women; the highest level of empathic orientation was detected in the third year group.

AB - Introduction: Empathy refers to an aspect of personality that plays an important role in interpersonal relationships, facilitating communication in order to favor the dentist-patient relationship. This interaction will improve the quality of dental care service. The aim of this study was to describe the self-reported empathy levels among dental undergraduate students, according to gender and education levels. Materials and methods: exploratory and cross-sectional questionnaire based study was carried out with a sample size of 326 undergraduate dental students. Data was obtained from the first to the final year, empathy levels of students were assessed by the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy–Health Profession Students Version Questionnaire, psychometrically validated to measure empathy. For the analysis of the results, the Shapiro-Wilk normality test was applied. The means were compared using an analysis of variance with bifactorial Model type III (Anova) with first order interaction. With a significance level of p <0.05. Results: reliability was satisfactory (0.72). The scores obtained in the EEMJ ranged from a minimum of 54 to a maximum of 130 points for women and a minimum of 55 and a maximum of 126 for men, the average of global empathy scores was 95,80±12,9, The results were not significant (p = 0.185) for the academic level factor and gender (p = 0.25). Conclusion: although there were no statistically significant differences in empathic orientation between the academic and gender years; it is highlighted that in the last year of the race the score increased; men reported higher levels of empathic orientation in absolute values than women; the highest level of empathic orientation was detected in the third year group.

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