Acetylcholinesterase-amyloid-β-peptide interaction and Wnt signaling involvement in Aβ neurotoxicity

N. C. Inestrosa, A. Alvarez, J. Godoy, A. Reyes, G. V. De Ferrari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous studies have indicated that acetylcholinesterase (AChE) promotes amyloid-β-peptide (Aβ) fibril formation and AChE-Aβ complexes increase Aβ-dependent neurotoxicity. Here we present evidence for the: i) identification of the AChE motif that promotes amyloid formation, ii) in vivo effect of AChE on brain plaque formation, and iii) connection between AChE-Aβ neurotoxicity and the Wnt signal transduction pathway. Computer modeling, stereotaxic infusions and cell biological techniques were used to study the above problems. Results indicated that a 3.4 kDa AChE peptide promotes Aβ fibril formation. AChE infusion into rat hippocampus determines the appearance of anti-Aβ and thioflavine-S positive plaques, and AChE-Aβ toxicity on hippocampal cultures was blocked by lithium, an activator of the Wnt cascade. We suggest that AChE-Aβ/Aβ dependent neurotoxicity may result in loss of function of Wnt signaling components, and open the possibility that lithium may be considered as a candidate for therapeutic intervention in Alzheimer's disease pathology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-59
Number of pages7
JournalActa Neurologica Scandinavica, Supplement
Volume102
Issue number176
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyloid peptide
  • Cholinesterase
  • Hippocampus
  • Lithium
  • MAP-1B
  • Wnt proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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