Accurate stellar kinematics at faint magnitudes: Application to the Boötes i dwarf spheroidal galaxy

Sergey E. Koposov, G. Gilmore, M. G. Walker, V. Belokurov, N. Wyn Evans, M. Fellhauer, W. Gieren, D. Geisler, L. Monaco, J. E. Norris, S. Okamoto, J. Peñarrubia, M. Wilkinson, R. F.G. Wyse, D. B. Zucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Citations (Scopus)


We develop, implement, and characterize an enhanced data reduction approach which delivers precise, accurate, radial velocities from moderate resolution spectroscopy with the fiber-fed VLT/FLAMES+GIRAFFE facility. This facility, with appropriate care, delivers radial velocities adequate to resolve the intrinsic velocity dispersions of the very faint dwarf spheroidal (dSph) galaxies. Importantly, repeated measurements let us reliably calibrate our individual velocity errors (0.2 kms-1 ≤ δV ≤ 5kms -1) and directly detect stars with variable radial velocities. We show, by application to the Boötes I dSph, that the intrinsic velocity dispersion of this system is significantly below 6.5kms-1 reported by previous studies. Our data favor a two-population model of Boötes I, consisting of a majority "cold" stellar component, with velocity dispersion 2.4+0.9- 0.5kms-1, and a minority "hot" stellar component, with velocity dispersion ∼9 kms -1, although we cannot completely rule out a single component distribution with velocity dispersion 4.60.8- 0.6kms -1. We speculate that this complex velocity distribution actually reflects the distribution of velocity anisotropy in Boötes I, which is a measure of its formation processes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number146 (17pp)
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2011


  • galaxies: dwarf
  • galaxies: individual (Boötes I)
  • galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
  • methods: data analysis
  • techniques: radial velocities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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