Absolute reliability and concurrent validity of a novel electromechanical pulley dynamometer for measuring shoulder rotation isometric strength in asymptomatic subjects. Study conducted at Pontificia Universidad Católica, Santiago, Chile

Claudio Chamorro, Carlos De la Fuente, Jose Rubio, Christian Campos, Luis Javier Chirosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To estimate the test-retest reliability of measurements in shoulder internal and external rotators’ isometric peak torque using a new dynamometer, and to compare it with isokinetic dynamometer. Methods: The validity study was conducted in September-October 2016 at Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile and the Clinica Las Condes, Santiago, Chile. It comprised of asymptomatic university students who were randomly tested twice within a two-week period while in a supine position at 90° of shoulder abduction, using the novel functional electromechanical pulley dynamometer. Concurrent validity was assessed through comparing the values with the gold standard isokinetic dynamometer in the same position. SPSS 17 was used for data analysis. Results: Of the 24 subjects, 5(21%) were males and 19(79%) were females. The overall mean age was 23.1±2.2 years, body mass index 23.6±2.13 kg/m2 and Shoulder Pain and Disability Index score was 3.9±6.4. There was no statistically non-significant difference in terms of test-retest trials and between the devices (p>0.05). Absolute reliability was 24.3% for internal rotation and 27.9% for external rotation. Both dynamometer systems were very highly correlated for internal rotators peak torque (0.93) and highly correlated for external rotators peak torque (0.84). Conclusions: Compared to the gold standard, the new device was found to be a valid instrument in measuring maximal voluntary isometric peak torque in internal and external rotation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1000-1005
Number of pages6
JournalJPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Volume69
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

Keywords

  • Muscle strength dynamometer
  • Reliability of results
  • Rotator cuff

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{8545866265c74a98bc9fda19a0bebdc3,
title = "Absolute reliability and concurrent validity of a novel electromechanical pulley dynamometer for measuring shoulder rotation isometric strength in asymptomatic subjects. Study conducted at Pontificia Universidad Cat{\'o}lica, Santiago, Chile",
abstract = "Objective: To estimate the test-retest reliability of measurements in shoulder internal and external rotators’ isometric peak torque using a new dynamometer, and to compare it with isokinetic dynamometer. Methods: The validity study was conducted in September-October 2016 at Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile and the Clinica Las Condes, Santiago, Chile. It comprised of asymptomatic university students who were randomly tested twice within a two-week period while in a supine position at 90° of shoulder abduction, using the novel functional electromechanical pulley dynamometer. Concurrent validity was assessed through comparing the values with the gold standard isokinetic dynamometer in the same position. SPSS 17 was used for data analysis. Results: Of the 24 subjects, 5(21{\%}) were males and 19(79{\%}) were females. The overall mean age was 23.1±2.2 years, body mass index 23.6±2.13 kg/m2 and Shoulder Pain and Disability Index score was 3.9±6.4. There was no statistically non-significant difference in terms of test-retest trials and between the devices (p>0.05). Absolute reliability was 24.3{\%} for internal rotation and 27.9{\%} for external rotation. Both dynamometer systems were very highly correlated for internal rotators peak torque (0.93) and highly correlated for external rotators peak torque (0.84). Conclusions: Compared to the gold standard, the new device was found to be a valid instrument in measuring maximal voluntary isometric peak torque in internal and external rotation.",
keywords = "Muscle strength dynamometer, Reliability of results, Rotator cuff",
author = "Claudio Chamorro and {De la Fuente}, Carlos and Jose Rubio and Christian Campos and {Javier Chirosa}, Luis",
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AU - Chamorro, Claudio

AU - De la Fuente, Carlos

AU - Rubio, Jose

AU - Campos, Christian

AU - Javier Chirosa, Luis

PY - 2019/7/1

Y1 - 2019/7/1

N2 - Objective: To estimate the test-retest reliability of measurements in shoulder internal and external rotators’ isometric peak torque using a new dynamometer, and to compare it with isokinetic dynamometer. Methods: The validity study was conducted in September-October 2016 at Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile and the Clinica Las Condes, Santiago, Chile. It comprised of asymptomatic university students who were randomly tested twice within a two-week period while in a supine position at 90° of shoulder abduction, using the novel functional electromechanical pulley dynamometer. Concurrent validity was assessed through comparing the values with the gold standard isokinetic dynamometer in the same position. SPSS 17 was used for data analysis. Results: Of the 24 subjects, 5(21%) were males and 19(79%) were females. The overall mean age was 23.1±2.2 years, body mass index 23.6±2.13 kg/m2 and Shoulder Pain and Disability Index score was 3.9±6.4. There was no statistically non-significant difference in terms of test-retest trials and between the devices (p>0.05). Absolute reliability was 24.3% for internal rotation and 27.9% for external rotation. Both dynamometer systems were very highly correlated for internal rotators peak torque (0.93) and highly correlated for external rotators peak torque (0.84). Conclusions: Compared to the gold standard, the new device was found to be a valid instrument in measuring maximal voluntary isometric peak torque in internal and external rotation.

AB - Objective: To estimate the test-retest reliability of measurements in shoulder internal and external rotators’ isometric peak torque using a new dynamometer, and to compare it with isokinetic dynamometer. Methods: The validity study was conducted in September-October 2016 at Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile and the Clinica Las Condes, Santiago, Chile. It comprised of asymptomatic university students who were randomly tested twice within a two-week period while in a supine position at 90° of shoulder abduction, using the novel functional electromechanical pulley dynamometer. Concurrent validity was assessed through comparing the values with the gold standard isokinetic dynamometer in the same position. SPSS 17 was used for data analysis. Results: Of the 24 subjects, 5(21%) were males and 19(79%) were females. The overall mean age was 23.1±2.2 years, body mass index 23.6±2.13 kg/m2 and Shoulder Pain and Disability Index score was 3.9±6.4. There was no statistically non-significant difference in terms of test-retest trials and between the devices (p>0.05). Absolute reliability was 24.3% for internal rotation and 27.9% for external rotation. Both dynamometer systems were very highly correlated for internal rotators peak torque (0.93) and highly correlated for external rotators peak torque (0.84). Conclusions: Compared to the gold standard, the new device was found to be a valid instrument in measuring maximal voluntary isometric peak torque in internal and external rotation.

KW - Muscle strength dynamometer

KW - Reliability of results

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