A description of Chilean food and nutrition health policies

Lorena Rodriguez-Osiac, Anna Christina Pinheiro Fernandes, Maria F. Mujica-Coopman, Patricia Caro-Moya, Deborah Navarro-Rosenblatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Chile has implemented numerous successful food and nutrition initiatives since the early 20th century, aiming to address malnutrition in all its forms. Aim: To summarize the major nutrition and food-related policies, strategies, and programs implemented in Chile, using the NOURISHING Framework. Material and Methods: The NOURISHING framework proposes a methodology for reporting, monitoring, and categorizing actions to promote healthier eating in three main domains: food environment, food system and behavior change communication. The data collection was carried out reviewing the databases of the Chilean Ministries of Health, Education and Social Development, and the Parliament. Information about nutrition related public health policies, strategies or programs was obtained from peer reviewed articles, official reports, official State websites, as well as interviews with former and current stakeholders. Results: Chile has mandatory nutritional labeling that was updated to front-of-package warning labels about critical nutrients. In addition, the advertising of unhealthy foods and breast milk substitutes is restricted, among other food and nutrition policies. Nevertheless, strategies related to mass and social media communication campaigns, or periodic education and information interventions still need to be implemented. Conclusions: Using the NOURISHING framework, a comprehensive summary and description of nutrition and food public health policies implemented in Chile is described. An overview of the policy changes required according to the nutritional needs of the population and the nutritional transition in Chile is provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1485-1494
Number of pages10
JournalRevista Medica de Chile
Volume149
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chile
  • Health Policy
  • Malnutrition
  • Nutrition Policy
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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