A constructive Borel-Cantelli lemma. Constructing orbits with required statistical properties

Stefano Galatolo, Mathieu Hoyrup, Cristóbal Rojas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


In the general context of computable metric spaces and computable measures we prove a kind of constructive Borel-Cantelli lemma: given a sequence (constructive in some way) of sets Ai with effectively summable measures, there are computable points which are not contained in infinitely many Ai. As a consequence of this we obtain the existence of computable points which follow the typical statistical behavior of a dynamical system (they satisfy the Birkhoff theorem) for a large class of systems, having computable invariant measure and a certain "logarithmic" speed of convergence of Birkhoff averages over Lipschitz observables. This is applied to uniformly hyperbolic systems, piecewise expanding maps, systems on the interval with an indifferent fixed point and it directly implies the existence of computable numbers which are normal with respect to any base.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2207-2222
Number of pages16
JournalTheoretical Computer Science
Issue number21-23
Publication statusPublished - 17 May 2009


  • Birkhoff ergodic theorem
  • Computable analysis
  • Computable dynamics
  • Computable probability measures
  • SRB measure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)


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