A combined multiwavelength VLA/ALMA/Chandra study unveils the complex magnetosphere of the B-type star HR5907

P. Leto, C. Trigilio, L. M. Oskinova, R. Ignace, C. S. Buemi, G. Umana, A. Ingallinera, F. Leone, N. M. Phillips, C. Agliozzo, H. Todt, L. Cerrigone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present new radio/millimeter measurements of the hot magnetic star HR5907 obtained with the VLA and ALMA interferometers. We find that HR5907 is the most radio luminous early type star in the cm-mm band among those presently known. Its multi-wavelength radio light curves are strongly variable with an amplitude that increases with radio frequency. The radio emission can be explained by the populations of the non-thermal electrons accelerated in the current sheets on the outer border of the magnetosphere of this fast-rotating magnetic star. We classify HR5907 as another member of the growing class of strongly magnetic fastrotating hot stars where the gyro-synchrotron emission mechanism efficiently operates in their magnetospheres. The new radio observations of HR5907 are combined with archival X-ray data to study the physical condition of its magnetosphere. The X-ray spectra of HR5907 show tentative evidence for the presence of non-thermal spectral component. We suggest that non-thermal X-rays originate a stellar X-ray aurora due to streams of non-thermal electrons impacting on the stellar surface. Taking advantage of the relation between the spectral indices of the X-ray power-law spectrum and the non-thermal electron energy distributions, we perform 3-D modelling of the radio emission for HR5907. The wavelength-dependent radio light curves probe magnetospheric layers at different heights above the stellar surface. A detailed comparison between simulated and observed radio light curves leads us to conclude that the stellar magnetic field of HR 5907 is likely non-dipolar, providing further indirect evidence of the complex magnetic field topology of HR5907.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-579
Number of pages18
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume476
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018

Keywords

  • Radio continuum: Stars
  • Stars: Chemically peculiar
  • Stars: Early-type
  • Stars: Individual: HR 5907
  • Stars: Magnetic field
  • X-rays: Stars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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