76 T dwarfs from the UKIDSS LAS: Benchmarks, kinematics and an updated space density

Ben Burningham, C. V. Cardoso, L. Smith, S. K. Leggett, R. L. Smart, A. W. Mann, S. Dhital, P. W. Lucas, C. G. Tinney, D. J. Pinfield, Z. Zhang, C. Morley, D. Saumon, K. Aller, S. P. Littlefair, D. Homeier, N. Lodieu, N. Deacon, M. S. Marley, L. van SpaandonkD. Baker, F. Allard, A. H. Andrei, J. Canty, J. Clarke, A. C. Day-Jones, T. Dupuy, J. J. Fortney, J. Gomes, M. Ishii, H. R.A. Jones, M. Liu, A. Magazzú, F. Marocco, D. N. Murray, B. Rojas-Ayala, M. Tamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the discovery of 76 new T dwarfs from the UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey(UKIDSS) Large Area Survey (LAS). Near-infrared broad-and narrow-band photometry and spectroscopy are presented for the new objects, along withWide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) andwarm-Spitzer photometry. Proper motions for 128 UKIDSS T dwarfs are presented from a new two epoch LAS proper motion catalogue. We use these motions to identify two new benchmark systems: LHS 6176AB, a T8p+M4 pair and HD 118865AB, a T5.5+F8 pair. Using age constraints from the primaries and evolutionary models to constrain the radii, we have estimated their physical properties from their bolometric luminosity. We compare the colours and properties of known benchmark T dwarfs to the latest model atmospheres and draw two principal conclusions. First, it appears that the H - [4.5] and J - W2 colours are more sensitive to metallicity than has previously been recognized, such that differences in metallicity may dominate over differences in Teffwhen considering relative properties of cool objects using these colours. Secondly, the previously noted apparent dominance of young objects in the late-T dwarf sample is no longer apparent when using the new model grids and the expanded sample of late-T dwarfs and benchmarks. This is supported by the apparently similar distribution of late-T dwarfs and earlier type T dwarfs on reduced proper motion diagrams that we present. Finally, we present updated space densities for the late-T dwarfs, and compare our values to simulation predictions and those from WISE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-497
Number of pages41
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume433
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

Keywords

  • Stars: low-mass
  • Surveys-brown dwarfs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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